12 10 fall Skin summer acne scars pigmentation dryTreat these six common skin problems left over from summer.

Your wardrobe isn’t the only thing that needs a change this fall! After months of enduring the harsh summer sun, your skin may be showing premature signs of aging and fatigue. Cooler temperatures mean you’ll be spending more time indoors, giving you the perfect opportunity to treat these common skin problems from the summer.

1. Freckles, Skin Discolouration and Age Spots

Discolouration caused by excessive sun exposure is the most common post-summer skin complaint. Over-the-counter products containing retinol and anti-oxidants vitamin C and E can help diminish the appearance of age spots and freckles by reducing free radicals in the skin. More severe discolouration can be treated by light-based devices such as Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) and Broadband Light (BBL) ($150 per treatment for small areas, $300 for full face). “[These treatments] target the red or brown pigment in the skin which is created by age, sun and genetics and zap the discoloured areas and eventually lift them out of the skin,” says Dr. Benjamin Barankin, MD, FRCPC, a Toronto dermatologist and Medical Director of the Toronto Dermatology Centre (www.torontodermatologycentre.com).

2. Acne

Hot, humid summer weather, not to mention the summer diet of hotdogs and ice cream, can cause some types of acne to worsen. Ask your dermatologist about treatments such as microdermabrasion ($100 to $150 per treatment) to clear up skin and help with acne scars.

3. Wrinkles

There’s a reason Audrey Hepburn-style sunglasses are so popular these days. Squinting at the summer sun is a surefire way to guarantee wrinkles around the eyes. Swap your summer eye gel for a slightly thicker cream that contains collagen, elastin, peptides or retinol to help reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

4. Chapped Lips

Your tongue should not be used in the place of a lip balm. “Licking lips causes more evaporation of water at the skin’s surface, which dehydrates the lips further, even though in the immediate short term it looks and feels better,” says Dr. Barankin. Shop for a petroleum or shea-butter based chapstick containing aloe vera to soothe sun burned lips.

5. Fall Skin Changes

“Humidity falls as we move into fall weather,” says Dr. Barankin, who suggests exchanging liquid soap for a mild cleanser and switching moisturizing lotions to a cream in the fall. Products containing Vitamin C and retinol will help sun-damaged skin recover faster and look better.

6. Don’t forget the SPF

While you can’t undo damage caused by UV rays, you can protect your skin from future damage. Even though you aren’t sunbathing, UV rays are still strong in the fall and winter. Dr. Barankin recommends using an SPF of 15 or 30 if you’re spending the day outdoors.